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AliAkbar Allahdadian, Mohammad Mashayekhi, "Experimental and numerical study of tensile behavior of carbon nanotube reinforced glass-epoxy composite: The multiscale approach", Composite Structures, 304, Part 2, PP. 116394, 2023.


In this paper, a multiscale approach is presented for strength and tensile modulus prediction of carbon nanotube (CNT) reinforced glass–epoxy composite. At the micro-scale, the three-dimensional representative volume element is obtained by randomly orienting the carbon nanotube in the resin according to the weight percentage. The interphase of the nanotube and resin is modeled using a cohesive element method. The behavior of the resin is accounted with a quasi-brittle non-local damage model. At the Mesoscale, the representative volume element is estimated by using the weight percentage of glass fiber and resin generalized with nanotubes. Finite element analyses were conducted to estimate the effective mechanical properties through numerical homogenization. The effect of different percentages of carbon nanotubes on tensile behavior was investigated experimentally and numerically. The results show that adding carbon nanotubes improves the tensile modulus by about 25% and the tensile strength by about 53%. In the numerical study, the strength of the composite is predicted with good accuracy by modeling the damage of resin, glass fibers, and fracture toughness mechanisms of carbon nanotubes such as bridging and pull-out of carbon nanotubes. A good agreement was observed between the simulation results and the experimental results at different percentages of carbon nanotubes.

Keywords: Glass-epoxy/CNT Nanocomposites; Cohesive element method; Non-local damage model; Tensile behavior.

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